Urinalysis Test

Urinalysis is the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine. It involves a number of tests to detect and measure various compounds that pass through the urine.

This test is part of Cardio-Med's complete physical exam.

How the Test is Performed

A urine sample is needed. Your physician will tell you what type of urine sample is needed. Two common methods of collecting urine are 24-hour urine collection and clean catch urine specimen.

The sample is sent to a lab, where it is examined for the following:

PHYSICAL COLOR AND APPEARANCE
How the urine sample looks to the naked eye:
MICROSCOPIC APPEARANCE
The urine sample is examined under a microscope to:
CHEMICAL APPEARANCE (urine chemistry)
A special strip (dipstick) is used to test for substances in the urine sample. The strip has pads of chemicals that change color when they come in contact with substances of interest.

Examples of specific urinalysis tests that may done to check for problems include:

How to Prepare for the Test

Certain medicines change the color of urine, but this is not a sign of disease. Your physician may tell you to stop taking any medicines that can affect test results.

Medicines that can change your urine color include:

Why the Test is Performed

A urinalysis may be done:

Normal Results

Normal urine varies in color from almost colorless to dark yellow. Some foods, such as beets and blackberries, may turn urine red.

Usually, glucose, ketones, protein, and bilirubin are not detectable in urine. The following are not normally found in urine:

Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your physician about the meaning of your specific test results.

What Abnormal Results Mean

Abnormal results may mean you have an illness, such as:

Your physician can discuss the results with you.

We also offer a body scan that provides ultrasound imaging of body organs and a test for stroke to check carotid artery blood flow to the brain. This suite of tests including the physical exam gives your physician a complete view of your state of health.


Call (847)758-1230 today for an appointment and consultation with our physician.
Serving Chicago, IL and all of the Chicago northwest suburbs, southeastern Wisconsin and northwestern Indiana.


Adapted from the U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Complete Physical Exam - Level I includes:

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Detailed blood pressure evaluation in both arms (seated) and in right arm (recumbent or lying down)      More . . .
Thyroid function profile      More . . .
Resting 12-lead Electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) recording of electrical activity of the heart      More . . .
Cholesterol/
triglycerides profile      More . . .
Detailed clinical evaluation and consultation by Physician, not Nurse      More . . .
Comprehensive chemistry profile      More . . .